Funder: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Duration: 2011-2014
Contact: Ann-Kristin Bergquist

This project explores the green reconstruction of the Swedish pulp and paper industry, focusing on the interplay between regulatory pressure, technological development and structural change from the 1960s to the 1990s. Increasing demands for pollution control, caused by a new modern
environmental regulation implemented in 1969, coincide with a need for structural changes due to increased international competition, but also a need to phase out oil in the production processes in the wake of the oil crises in the 1970s. In short, our project aims at enhancing the empirical and theoretical understanding of how societies demand for environmental protection interplayed with technological and structural changes within this sector during the late the 20th century and essentially how "green" technology development has been accomplished. Main results from the projects points to the importance of coordinating capacity between firms in "green" R&D.