"The electricity certificate system appears more and more as a tombola." The statement’s from CERE's Thomas Broberg who sees several of unanswered questions in the surveillance report (Kontrollstation 2015*) on the Swedish renewable obligation system, Second Opinion, 6th May 2014.
"The tombola has spun and out fell a cost to electricity consumers that amounts to 1.8-3.5 öre/kWh as according to estimates by the Energy Agency. The reason being the proposal to adjust the Swedish quota curve with a total of 75 TWh during the period 2016-2035."
"and with added VAT, the cost of adjustment is 2-8 öre per kWh. If one would rather talk billions than ören , then just add up over all the obligated consumers. In 2016, the total cost for electricity consumers will be 1.6 to 6 billion."