Landscape planning could to a greater extent be used to balance different interests in the forest. Some forest areas might be in need of extended nature conservation in favor of biodiversity. Other areas lack conservation values and could open up for a more intensive forestry. The possibilities with landscape planning in the forest and how it could be applied is being studied in an ongoing project.
There are a number of interests to take into consideration when deciding how to manage forests. A landscape perspective, through its wider geographical scope, could to a greater extent assist when balancing environmental considerations and timber oriented forestry. A project with three parts first takes a closer look at demands for habitat and structure from different species in a stand in northern Sweden. When these demands are clear, the project turns to the structure of forest owners on the stand. This will result in some forest owners having large areas good for nature conservation whilst others will own areas in less need of conservation that could be used for a more intensive timber oriented forestry. Forest owners unable to manage their forest as intensive would then be in need of compensation which brings us to the second part of the project. A system that equalizes the cost of nature conservation between forest owners, what would it look like? Should it be an imperative system with regulations or more based on incentives? What would forest owners find most fair?
The third part of the project handles legislation. Whether there are legislations in other states that we could learn from and which changes that could become relevant within present legislation.
The project begun in 2016 and will continue until 2018. Learn more at Naturvårdsverket (Swedish EPA, only in Swedish).