Climate change will have impacts across the globe, but the African continent is expected to be hit the hardest. Given that Africa has contributed very little to global cumulative Greenhouse Gas emissions, this is exceptionally concerning. Partly to help inform the African delegation to the United Nations Framework Convention Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties' (COP) international mitigation negotiations, the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) set up a project to investigate the climate change consequences for Africa in terms of adaptation
costs and damages.
This ongoing project has focused on discussing and estimating the resulting adaptation costs and impacts for Africa from the so-called emissions gap. The emissions gap refers to the gap between the UNFCCC COP goals and the current pledges made by the nations of the COP. This project has resulted in several reports and has initiated a new project together with the African Development Bank
to create a more detailed picture of climate change impacts and adaptation costs across different African countries. This project involves several international partners, where CEREs expertise has been in provided long terms projections using an Integrated Assessment Model (AD-RICE).